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Conservation and Protection
17 Sep 2013
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Conservation and Protection

Noosa’s community has expressed concern towards the protection of the unique river system. In 1989, early settlers declared an unspoiled area on the Noosa Headland a town reserve, which became the Noosa National Park in 1939. As Noosa became a popular development and tourism area, there became an obvious threat to the surrounding wilderness and ecosystems. Because of this, in the 1960’s, local environmentalists formed Noosa Parks Association, in order to conserve Noosa.

Noosa became one of the 580 biosphere reserves by UNESCO. These reserves are defined as areas where humans aim to live sustainably inside their local environment, and share their practices within the community.

35% of the Noosa Biosphere is protected land, including national parks, conservation parks, state forest reserves and lakes and streams.

National Parks aim to:

a)         permanently preserve the natural area as well as the cultural resources and values

b)        present the area’s natural and cultural resources and values

c)         ensure that all use within the park is nature-based and ecologically sustainable.

Conservation Parks aim to:

a)          conserve and present the area’s natural and cultural resources and values

b)        Provide permanent conservation to the natural environment

c)         ensure commercial use (eg. fishing and grazing) in the natural area is ecologically sustainable.

Forest Reserves aim to:

a)      protect cultural and natural values, and biological diversity

b)      ensure uses for the land are ecologically sustainable

c)       ensure use for the land are consistent with management principles from authority.

Some protected areas of Noosa and the Noosa River are:

·         Noosa National Park

·         Noosa River National Park

·         Great Sandy National Park

·         Sheep Island Conservation Park

·         Goat Island Conservation Park

·         Weyba Creek Conservation Park

·         Tewantin Forest Reserve

·         Noosa Forest Reserve

There are many issues impacting on the Noosa River environment and there are different methods and ways of preventing them and caring for the local environment. However the role of the people and the community need to be considered when planning for preventing issues. For example, because fishing line waste is entangling birds, the council cannot ban fishing in the river. Realistic measures need to be taken when finding different views on how the area can be protected


Some significant issues around the Noosa River catchment include Noosa River Mouth and Beach sand erosion and dredging, Koala habitat decline, road kill and introduced predation, water pollution in the river, population growth, un-ecologically sustainable tourism practices and overfishing.


Some issues the Sunshine Coast Council Management are focussing on are riparian zone revegetation, sustrainable agricultural practices, management of urban runoff, management of on-river activities (boating, mooring, anchoring, etc.), riverbank erosion, protection of migratory shorebirds and promotion of sustainable fishing industries.


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